Вправи на Past Perfect і Past Perfect Continuous c докладними відповідями – Вивчення англійської мови

Past Perfect – одне з минулих часів англійської мови, яке, до того ж за своєю побудовою і вживання є одним з найлегших часів. Past Perfect позначає «предпрошедшее» час, тобто це події, які відбулися до певного моменту в минулому. Більш детальну інформацію та форму цього часу ви можете дізнатися безпосередньо в правилі.

У цій же статті ви будете виконувати різні вправи, які допоможуть вам відпрацювати вживання і побудови Past Perfect. Нижче вам будуть дані вправи, що зачіпають найрізноманітніші аспекти та теми даного часу англійською мовою. І саме це робить цю статтю дуже корисною і змістовною.

Швидше повторюйте правило Past Perfect і починайте виконувати запропоновані вправи!

Вправи на Past Perfect

Нижче ви зможете знайти вправи, які допоможуть вам не тільки вивчити Past Perfect, а й відпрацювати навички його вживання. До кожної вправи будуть додаватися відповіді. АЛЕ їх слід використовувати тільки для самоперевірки, не потрібно підглядати в них завчасно, інакше толку від вашої роботи просто не буде.

Вправа 1

Вам дано словосполучення і незакінчену частину пропозицій. Ваше завдання – поставити словосполучення в цю пропозицію, змінивши його час на Past Perfect. Якщо вам незрозуміло, то скористайтеся прикладом.

приклад:

To clean all dishes / them my mother and father came home, I … – When my mother and father came home, I had cleaned all dishes.

To do their homework, to go to the London with parents, to give much money for her purchases, to see that interesting film.

  1. When I went to school, my friends already …
  2. Before my little sister went to the shopping, our parents …
  3. Alice could not see her boyfriend before her arrival because he …
  4. My friend Emma did not go to the cinema with us because she already …

Відповіді на вправу з Past Perfect:

  1. When I went to school, my friends had already done their math homework.
  2. Before my little sister went to the shopping, our parents had given her much money for her purchases .
  3. Alice could not see her boyfriend before her arrival because he had gone to London with parents .
  4. My friend Emma did not go to the cinema with us because she had already seen that interesting film .

Вправа 2

У цій вправі вам дано пропозиції. На місце пропусків вам потрібно поставити дієслово в часі Past Perfect. Перед виконанням вправи повторіть форму побудови даного часу.

  1. Mary`s parents did not live in the big city anymore because they ____ (to move) to the country with all their children and relatives.
  2. My and Bettie`s children were playing in the back yard after they ____ (to come) from their school. They were so happy and playful.
  3. My grandparents ____ (not to see) me and my brother for ten years. And when we met, they did not recognize us. It was such a strange situation and at the same time an interesting situation.
  4. Tom, Alice and their best friends came home so soon from London because they ____ (to spent) all their money in the summer vacation.
  5. Dilan`s smile was something that Mary _____ (to see) never before in her short life. It was strange but magnificent and magic too. She was confused about it.

Відповіді на вправу з Past Perfect:

  1. had moved;
  2. had come;
  3. had not seen;
  4. had spent;
  5. had never seen.

Вправа 3

Вам дана інфінітивна форма дієслів англійською мовою. Вам потрібно поставити їх під час Past Perfect і заповнити пропуски в пропозиціях, розташованих нижче.

  1. When my little sister went to her bed she remembered that she _____ (to switch) off all light in the room. I asked her to do it because I do not like sleep with light.
  2. Last summer Madison went to her holiday after she ____ (to pass) all her exams. The girl went to her grandparents` country house with her siblings.
  3. Johnathan _____ (to begin) to study art and architecture before he started to work as a skilled and professional builder of modern buildings in his hometown near Mexico.
  4. Peter scarcely ____ (to say) his first words about last news when Marissa interrupted him. The man was really angry and upset about this situation and interruption.
  5. My family sat down to the dinner table only then the guests _____ (to come) with a lot of different and beautiful presents for all of us.

Відповіді на вправу з Past Perfect:

  1. had not switched;
  2. had passed;
  3. had begun;
  4. had said;
  5. had come.

Вправа 4

Вам надано пропозиції з пропусками, в які потрібно підставити дієслово, розташований в дужках, під час Past Perfect:

  1. Edison did not want to start speaking until the children ____ (to leave) the room in which they had been playing computer games about three hours. She did not love little kids and everybody knew it.
  2. My parents and I reached the volleyball ground when the game of my little brother ____ (to start) already. He was a little bit disappointed about this situation.
  3. My friends and I ____ (not to say) any words until Elisabeth finished her interesting and mystic story about what happened with her last week. That was a really strange but interesting story.
  4. Peter could understand this difficult problem as soon as the math teacher _____ (to explain) how to solve it without any efforts.
  5. David hardly ____ (to be) there for ten minutes when his boyfriend and friends came in this place with a lot of bags in their hands.
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Відповіді на вправу з Past Perfect:

  1. had left;
  2. had already started;
  3. had not said;
  4. had explained;
  5. had been.

Вправа 5

Перед вами знаходяться два пропозиції в минулому часі. Вам потрібно визначити яке з дій в них відбулося раніше, змінити, якщо необхідно, ті чи інші пропозиції і з’єднати їх за допомогою BEFORE, не змінюючи місцями.

  1. Melody wrote a lot of letters to her close friend and her parents in Manchester. Melody went to the nearest post office.
  2. Justin had dinner with his family. He went to the cinema with his girlfriend and her friends. He said that it was really funny and joyful.
  3. Rose`s parents cooked dinner for all guests and their children. Their own daughter came after extra English classes.
  4. Alice realized that she was going to faint. It happened with all her friends and mates at school where she studied.

Відповіді на вправу з Past Perfect:

  1. Melody had written a lot of letters for her close friend and her parents in Manchester before she went to the nearest post office .
  2. Justin had had dinner with the whole family before he went to the cinema with his girlfriend and his girlfriend`s friends . He said that it was really amazing and interesting evening.
  3. Rose`s parents had cooked dinner for all guests and children in the house before their own daughter came after extra English classes with her friends .
  4. Alice had realized that she has been going to faint before it happened with all her close friends and mates at school where she had studied .

Вправа 6

Дана вправа схоже на попереднє, але з деяким відзнакою. Вам потрібно з’єднати дві пропозиції в одне за допомогою зв’язок before, as soon as, after і використання часу Past Perfect.

  1. (Since) Peter did not see his parents. He moved to the big city because he wanted to study new subjects. They only called each other on holidays and nothing more.
  2. (as soon as) My class hardly left the town where we stayed . There began to happen strange occasions with disappearance people and little children.
  3. (after) David looked very pale and strange. He was ill for a whole month. Everybody thought that he could not get better and become healthy again.
  4. (before) My grandfather left the house. He realized that that forgot his gloves and scarf at home. But he did not want to go back.
  5. (after) I did my homework and cleaned all rooms in the house and also washed dishes . I was playing interesting computer games with my elder brother.

Відповіді на вправу з Past Perfect.

  1. Peter had not seen his parents since he moved to the nearest city because he wanted to study new subjects . They just called each other on holidays and nothing more.
  2. My class hardly had left the town where we had stayed as soon as there began to happen strange occasions with disappearance of people and their little children at nights .
  3. David looked very pale and unhealthy after he had been ill for a whole month . Everybody thought that he could not get better and be healthy anymore.
  4. My grandfather had left the house before he realized that he had forgotten his gloves and scarf at home . But he did not want to return.
  5. I did my homework and cleaned all rooms in the house and also washed dishes after I had played interesting computer games with my elder brother .

Вправа 7

Вам потрібно доповнити відсутню частину пропозиції, написавши її в часі Past Perfect:

  1. Mary went to her friend Sierra’s house after she …
  2. My parents made me to stay home for all my summer holidays after they …
  3. Dilan came back to his home town where he ….
  4. When Tomas`s grandparents returned to their country house the boy ….
  5. When the expedition returned from South Africa they said ….

Зверніть увагу, що в даному вправу ваш відповіді можуть не сходитися з тим, що в статті, тому що це завдання має на увазі використання фантазії. ГОЛОВНЕ, щоб ви дотримувалися правильну конструкцію побудови.

Відповіді вправу з Past Perfect:

  1. had cooked lunch for all her little brothers and sisters . She also had made a big and tasty pie for them.
  2. had known my marks in English and math. I guess teachers said them many interesting things about me.
  3. had lived with his parents and grandparent in this childhood . He remembered that place so well in the least details.
  4. showed them what pictures he had painted while they had not been there and had done shopping with other grandchildren . The pictures were really beautiful.
  5. what they had seen in the dark and dangerous forests and deserts . They stories were really creepy and horrible.
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Вправи на Past Perfect Continuous

Past Perfect Continuous (Progressive) – це минулий час в англійській мові, яке позначає процес, який стався до певного моменту в минулому. Схоже на Past Perfect, чи не так?

Нижче буду дані різні завдання, які допоможуть вам відпрацювати навички побудови Past Perfect Continuous. Також до кожної вправи будуть дані відповіді, але не потрібно підглядати в них завчасно, інакше сенсу в вашій роботі просто не буде.

Вправа 1

Нижче надано пропозиції з пропусками, на місце яких ви повинні підставити дієслово в часі Past Perfect Continuous:

  1. My friends _____ (to play) this terrible board game about three or four hours before their parents came home in really bad mood because of the worst marks of their children.
  2. Tom and Newt _____ (to create) their works for the competition of young creators for five days when they knew that that contest had already finished. The boys were really disappointed about this situation.
  3. My mother and grandmother ____ (to cook) the Christmas dinner for five hours when the whole family and guests arrived to the house with a snow tree and a lot of decorations for it.
  4. The teacher ____ (to explain) this easy thing during the whole lesson but his students did not understand what he wanted to say them with his words. The teacher was really upset and frustrated.

Тут ви зможете знайти відповіді на вправу, розташоване вище:

  1. had been playing;
  2. had been creating;
  3. had been cooling;
  4. had been explaining.

Вправа 2

Нижче дані позитивні пропозиції в Past Perfect Continuous. Вам же потрібно поставити їх в негативну і запитливо форми.

  1. Mr. Edison had been looking for his glasses about an hour when he finally found it on the armchair near the morning newspaper.
  2. My grandparents had been planting and watering different beautiful flowers for five hours when their grandsons and granddaughter returned from the journey to the America.
  3. Peter had been doing his English homework with his little sister about two hours yesterday. He was really tired that day.

Відповіді на вправу:

  1. Mr. Edison had not been looking for his glasses about an hour when he finally found it …. / Had Mr. Edison been looking for his glasses about an hour when he finally found it …?
  2. My grandparents had not been planting and watering strange flowers for five hours when their grandsons and granddaughter returned from the journey to the America . / Had the grandparents been planting and watering dangerous flowers for five hours when their grandsons and granddaughter returned ?
  3. Peter had not been doing his English homework with his little sister about two hours yesterday evening . He was really tired that day. / Had Peter been doing his English homework with his sister about two hours …?

Вправа 3

Вам потрібно розкрити дужки в даних пропозиції та записати правильну форму дієслова. Не забувайте, що у нас час Past Perfect Continuous.

  1. The players of football team ____ (to train) for ten hours before their trainer said that the competition would not conduct because of technical issues. The guys were really angry for organizers of this contest.
  2. The programmers _____ (to create) a new huge game with a lot of interesting characters and monsters for ten or eleven months before the game was released in the whole world.
  3. The word-wide famous artist ____ (to draw) his new picture of a girl with sunny hair during ten weeks before this masterpiece became the most expensive picture in the whole world.
  4. This old building ____ (rebuild) for twenty years before it finally was done. This event was celebrated in the whole west town with concerts and the fairs.

Відповіді на вправу:

  1. had been training;
  2. had been creating;
  3. had been drawing;
  4. had been rebuilding.

Вправа 4

Вам дано набір слів, з якого вам потрібно побудувати речення в Past Perfect Continuous. Перед початком виконання вправу повторіть правило даного часу.

  1. had been preparing, my parents, for about, or, three weeks, even more, for my birthday. All my friends, they, to the party, invited, delicious food, a lot of, and, the room, decorated, cooked.
  2. only one, my, elder sister, and, favorite, had been doing, when, our parents, her, literature homework, thirty minutes, returned home, for, form, their jobs. Were, tired, they, really.
  3. Artist, had been selling, my familiar, a month or two, his works, for about. Were sold, his pictures, because, very well, they are done, artist, the professional, by.
  4. Alice`s brothers, one old car, had been fixing, the owner, when, suddenly, took it back, and, appeared, for weeks.
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Відповіді на вправу:

  1. My parents had been preparing for my birthday for about three weeks or even more . They invited all my friends to the party, cooked a lot of delicious food and decorated the room.
  2. My favorite and only one elder sister had been doing her literature homework for thirty minutes when our parents returned home from their jobs . They were really tired.
  3. My familiar artist had been selling his works for about a month or two . His pictures were sold very well because they are done by the the professional artist.
  4. Alice`s brothers had been fixing one old car for weeks when the owner suddenly appeared and tool it back .

Вправа 5

Знайдіть помилки в побудові речень в часі Past Perfect Continuous і перепишіть їх у виправленому вигляді. Зауважте, що помилки можуть бути не тільки в досліджуваному часу.

  1. Dilan`s friend have been cooking one strange dish with vegetables when the Dilan and his sister had come home with a lot of bags. All people in the room were a little bit confused.
  2. Professional builders was been tried to recover this ancient building for about five months. But they can not do it in spite of their materials and experience.
  3. My mother been doing all home chores when my father had went to his work as a middle school teacher at the most expensive school in the whole city.
  4. My parents trying to but a new phone for my little sister until I came and helped them with his difficult decision. And also I buy a phone case for myself.

Відповіді на вправу:

  1. Dilan`s friend had been cooking a really strange and maybe even dangerous dish with vegetables and mushrooms when Dilan and sister of his came home with a lot of bags . All guys in the kitchen were a little bit confused.
  2. Professional builders had been trying to recover this very old building for five months or more . But they could not do it in spite of their good materials and big experience .
  3. My mother had been doing all home chores when my father had gone to his work as a middle school teacher at the most expensive school in the whole city .
  4. My parents had been trying to buy a new cool phone for my little sibling until I came and helped them with his difficult decision . And also I bought a phone case for my own phone .

Вправа 6

У цій вправі вам дано пропозиції російською мовою, які вам потрібно перекласти англійською, використовуючи час Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

  1. Томас і його група грали на піаніно та інших музичних інструментах з великим ентузіазмом. Вони хотіли виступити на місцевому музичному конкурсі, де мало бути велика кількість іноземних музикантів.
  2. Друзі Карен робили їх музичний проект протягом трьох днів, коли Карен вирішила допомогти їм з їх труднощами і намалювати обкладинку їх нового альбому.
  3. Наш професор в університет писав на дошці протягом приблизно сорока хвилин до того, як він зауважив, що крейда скінчився. Він попросив одного зі своїх студентів сходити і принести трохи нового крейди.
  4. Мій доктор катував діагностувати моє захворювання до того, як миленька і чарівна медсестра увійшла в кабінет лікаря і сказала, що інших пацієнти вже довго чекають на нього.

Тут ви зможете знайти відповіді на вправу на переклад:

  1. Tomas and his band had been playing the piano and the other musical instruments with huge enthusiasm. They wantеd to perform in the local musical contest where would be a lot of foreign musicians.
  2. Friends of Karen had been doing the musical project for three days when Karen decided to help them with their difficulties and draw the cover of their new album.
  3. Our professor in the university had been writing on the blackboard for forty minutes before he noticed that chalk had ran out. He asked one of his students to go and bring some new chalk.
  4. My doctor had been trying to diagnose my illness before a pretty and nice nurse came the cabinet of the doctor and said that other patients had been waiting for him.

висновок

Past Perfect Continuous і Past Perfect – це досить прості часи англійської мови, які легко побудувати і відрізнити від інших часів, тому що у них є конкретне позначення (предпрошедшее дію або процес).

У даній статті ви могли знайти всі необхідні тренувальні вправи онлайн, які допоможуть вам відпрацювати цю тему на дуже високому рівні. Але для відпрацювання такого результату потрібно прорешівать не тільки вправа, наведені в цій статті, а й подібні завдання на сторонніх ресурсах.

Також вам не варто підглядати відповіді, а використовувати їх тільки в якості самоперевірки. Якщо ви допустили десь помилку, то постарайтеся зрозуміти, що ви зробили неправильно або повторіть правило даних часів англійською мовою.

Удачі в вивченні англійської мови!

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