Вправи на модальні дієслова. Modal verbs exercises

Сьогоднішній урок присвячений відпрацюванню модальних дієслів. Дані вправи на модальні дієслова не єдині на сайті. Ви можете також звернути увагу на наступні вправи:

  • Should і ought to. Вправи з відповідями
  • Вправи на модальне дієслово have to
  • Модальне дієслово may: вправи з відповідями
  • Модальне дієслово must. Вправи з відповідями
  • Модальне дієслово can, could, be able to. Вправи.

Даний матеріал складений Затонской А. С. і входить в цикл уроків для рівня Upper-Intermediate та Advanced.

Матеріал заснований на лексиці по темі Meals.

Вправи на модальні дієслова.

Grammar: Modal Verbs

Lexical topic: Meals

Exercise 1. Choose the modal verb which, from your point of view, suits the situation better. Remember – your choice is of vital importance – how many troubles happen because of misunderstanding!

  • The cake (must, can, could) be almost ready now. – Are you sure? – Yes, practically.
  • You (must, have to, should) put sausage, cucumber, onion, potatoes, eggs and sour cream to make the Russian salad tasty.
  • (can, may, should) you have failed to put sugar and vinegar in the biscuit again? How (can, are able to, may) you be so careless?
  • You (may, can, have to) take the fork, knife and plate. I don’t need it any more.
  • The beefsteak (can’t, mustn’t, shouldn’t) be so raw and untasty. I’ve cooked it properly!
  • (Should, shall, ought to) I buy a loaf of bread or some curds?
  • No, you (can’t, mustn’t, shouldn’t) eat ice-cream in the street in winter.
  • (shall, may, can) it be that the pork was spoiled?
  • (could, must, will) you show me how to the slice cabbage and carrots for this soup.
  • You (could, might, have to) have cooked lunch before our arrival.
  • You’ve overfried the potatoes. You (should, could, might) be more accurate about cooking.
  • Don’t put too much in the salt dough. We (can, may, might) spoil everything.
  • (can, may, should) it be that the child has eaten so much candies?
  • Don’t you know that one (can’t, mustn’t, needn’t) eat milk and cucumbers?
  •  

    Exercise 2. A. Complete the sentences.

    1.You should have … . 2. … have baked it properly. 3. Could you … ? 4. … be putting apricots apples and in the cake now. 5. … have treated him with another portion of mashed potatoes and pork. He may be offended. 6. You can … 7. … have laid the table before our arrival. 8. You might … 9. Shall I … ? 10. … that she’s still peeling potatoes? 11. … drink such hot tea – it’s harmful for your шлунок! 12. … to keep a diet, you’ve promised! 13. You can’t … . 14. Can it be that … ? 15. … have failed to fry potatoes? This is so simple! 16. … ? – No, you may not. … to keep a diet! 17. Not to die … eat and drink. 18. … have helped me! Now I have to do all the cooking by myself! 19.What’s wrong? – The child has taken a knife. – How awful! He … hurt himself! – Well, luckily it hasn’t happened. 20. Where’s Ann? — I don’t know. She … now. – Oh, no. She … now. – Are you sure? – Practically. 21. How careless you are! You might … . 22. Why did you have to … ? 23. You are to … . – Why? – It is written in the recipe book. 24. You … . – Yes, i’m sorry i’ve done it. 25. What shall I do now? – You should … . 26. It would … . – Oh, yes, I stick to this idea!

    B) Invent short dialogues using these sentences.

    Exercise 3. Transform the sentences into the sentences with modal verbs.

    1.It’s unlikely that both the turkey and the tart will be cooked by supper. I suggest us having dinner in a cafe. 2. I’m not quite sure, but he probably has already bought macaroni and mutton. 3. You probably noticed that the meat must be sliced before stewing. 4. Why did you put so much pepper and in the onion soup? It was quite unnecessary! 5. I’m practically sure that if you add cabbage and to the carrot stewed meat it will become tastier. 6. Have you already eaten the whole tart? It is unbelievable! 7. Perhaps they have already come back from the market. Maybe they have bought strawberry, lemons, tangerines, apples and plums – that is everything we’ll use for the fruit salad. 8. Don’t forget that it is your duty to lay the table and to wash up. 9.I want to give you good advice – go to the market if you really want to buy tasty and ripe fruits and vegetables.10. According to our time-table you will have breakfast at 9.00, dinner at 14.00, and supper о 19.30. Remember it, please. 11. I’m very disappointed in you – I thought you would cook the food and choose the crockery for the anniversary dinner beforehand. 12. No, I don’t give you the permission to drink wine. You’re too young for that. Besides, you take an exam tomorrow.

    Exercise 4. A. You are in an English restaurant where you are invited to take part in a funny competition – Who knows more jokes and anecdotes about meals, restaurants, waiters, and so on. You are strongly willing to win, but to take part in the competition you should first translate all that into English.

    1. Власник ресторану звертається до офіціанток: «Сьогодні ви повинні бути особливо ввічливим?» — «Чому? До нас має прийти важливий гість?» — «Ні, але у нас сьогодні м’ясо більш жорстке, ніж зазвичай». 2. «Я ніяк не можу тебе зрозуміти»- каже сердито дружина своєму чоловікові. «В понеділок ти їв котлети, вони тобі подобалися, у вівторок – подобалися. У середу – подобалися, а в четвер ти заявляєш, що ні в яку до них не притронешься! Міг би бути більш послідовним у своїх смаках!» 3. Пообідавши, відвідувач ресторану повідомляє господареві, що він забув удома гаманець. «Не потрібно турбуватися, сер, може поручитися за мене мій друг, містер Сміт». – «Не знаю я ніякого Сміта!» — «Доведеться вас познайомити!» 4. «Ви не могли б принести мені один біфштекс?» – «З яким гарніром?» – «Просто ваш біфштекс. Мені потрібно підкласти її під ніжку столу, щоб він не хитався!» 5. «Схоже, вона все-таки навчилася готувати: її третій чоловік вижив». 6. У ресторані. «Порція, яку мені дали сьогодні, мабуть, у два рази менша, ніж та, яку мені дали вчора.» – «Може бути справа в столику, за яким сиділи?» – «Я сидів біля вікна». «Справді, відвідувачам за тими столиками нам доводиться давати порції в два рази більше – це реклама!» 7. «Офіціант, з чого зроблений цей бульйон? Не може бути, щоб у ньому варився курча!» – «Курча, сер, але в самому ранньому дитинстві!» 8. Під час обіду мати каже дочці: «м’ясо, повинно бути, не доварилось». – «Не може бути. Я готувала його точно за рецептом: 1кило потрібно варити годину, а я купила півкіло і варила його півгодини!» 9. На пікніку: «Та ні, трава не сира. Просто ти, напевно, сіла на картопляний салат!» 10. Комп’ютер запитали: «Всі гриби може є людина?» –«Всі, але деякі один раз». 11. Відвідувач в ресторані кілька разів намагається отримати від офіціанта склянку води. Нарешті, зневірившись, він запитує іншого відвідувача: «Як ви думаєте, що я повинен зробити, щоб мені все-таки принесли води?» – «Може, спробуєте себе підпалити?» 12. «Не могли б ви мені сказати, офіціант, як часто у вас змінюють скатертини?» – «На жаль, не можу – я працюю тут лише два місяці».

    B) Invent similar situations.

    Ex. 5. Write a recipe for:

  • a little child
  • a person who has got шлунок
  • a gourmand
  • a woman who wants to lose weight
  • Remember that if you give advice you should use the modal verb “should” and if you want to show that the prohibition is strong you should use the modal verb “must”

    Exercise 6. You bump into an acquaintance of yours whom you know as an extreme heavy-eater. He has just come from a restaurant and wants to share his “menu” with you. Of course, you are surprised by his ability to eat so much, you even doubt it! Express it.

    Exercise 7. Even if you are not a heavy-eater I am sure that each of you has your favorite meal. So exchange your favorite recipes and extend each other’s “cuisine”. Don’t forget that you give each other good advice.

    Exercise 8. You are going to have a wonderful evening – you and your friend have decided to have a little feast. You are responsible for the spiritual aspect of the party, while your friend has unexpectedly expressed a wish to try herself as a cook. You return, and what do you see? Some outrageous ruins instead of food! After several minutes of investigation, you understand that this is entirely your friend’s fault – she has the wasted products and spoiled your evening. You are so disappointed that you can’t but reprimand her. For example, you say that you could have had a wonderful evening, but …

    Exercise 9. Write a recipe book. Remember that you should use different modal verbs to express different shades of meaning. For example, if you speak about how traditional dishes should be served the modal verbs “should” “ought to” will be in place; if you speak about the technology of cooking food you should use the modal verbs expressing advice or rule, and so on.

    Відповіді до вправ.

    Ex. 1. 1 must, 2 should, 3 may / can, 4 may, 5 can’t, 6 shall, 7 shouldn’t, 8 can, 9 could, 10 could, 11 should, 12 can, 13 can, 14 mustn’t

    Ex. 2. Your own answers.

    Ex. 3. Possible answers.

    1. The turkey and the tart won’t be cooked by supper. I suggest us having dinner in a cafe. 2. He might have already bought macaroni and mutton. 3. You may have noticed that the meat must be sliced before stewing. 4. You needn’t have put so much pepper and in the onion soup. 5. Cabbage and milk must make the stewed meat tastier. 6. You can’t have eaten the whole tart! 7. They could have already come back from the market. They may have bought strawberry, lemons, tangerines, apples and plums – that is everything we’ll use for the fruit salad. 8. Don’t forget that you must lay the table and wash up. 9. You should go to the market if you really want to buy tasty and ripe fruits and vegetables. 10. According to our time-table you are to have breakfast at 9.00, dinner at 14.00, and supper о 19.30. Remember it, please. 11. I’m very disappointed in you – you should have cooked the food and choose the crockery for the anniversary dinner beforehand. 12. No, you may not drink wine. You’re too young for that. Besides, you take an exam tomorrow.

    Ex. 3. Possible translation.

  • The owner of the restaurant tells the waitresses: «Today you have to be especially polite» — “Why? Is an important guest coming? “«No, but today our meat is tougher than usual.»
  • «I just can’t understand you,» said the angry wife to her husband. «On Monday you ate cutlets, you liked them, on Tuesday you liked them, on Thursday you liked them, and on Thursday you say that you won’t even touch them! You should be more consistent!»
  • Having had a hearty meal, the restaurant visitor tells the owner that he has forgotten his wallet at home. “No need to worry, sir, my friend, Mr. Smith can vouch for me”. – «I don’t know any Mr. Smith!» — «So I have to him to introduce you.»
  • «Could you bring me a steak?» – «What kind of garnish?» – «Just your steak. I need to sneak it under the table leg so that it stops swaying!»
  • She must have learned to cook: her third husband survived.
  • At the restaurant. «The portion that I was given today must be twice less than the one you gave me yesterday.» – «It may be because of the table. Where were you sitting yesterday?» «I was sitting by the window». – «Indeed, we have to give visitors at those tables bigger portions – it is advertising!»
  • «Waiter, what is this broth made of? Chicken can’t have been boiled in it!» – « It was chicken, sir, but in early childhood!»
  • During the dinner, the mother tells her daughter: «The meat must be underdone». – «This can’t be true. I cooked it exactly according to the recipe: You need to cook 1 kilo for an hour, I bought half a kilo and cooked it for half an hour!»
  • At the picnic: «No, the grass is not wet. You can have sat down on the potato salad!»
  • The computer was asked, «people Can eat all kinds of mushrooms?» «Yes, they can, but some kinds only once».
  • A visitor in the restaurant is trying to get a glass of water from the waiter. Finally, in desperation, he asks another visitor: «How do you think what should I do to get some water?» – «You may set yourself on fire?»
  • « Waiter, could you please tell me how often do you change the tablecloths?» – «Sorry, I can’t – i’ve been working here for only two months»
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