Вправи на третій тип умовних речень — Third conditional – є продовженням циклу вправ по темі CONDITIONALS. Раніше я вже розміщувала вправи на перший тип умовних речень, а також вправи з відповідями по темі Second Conditional.
Third conditional exercises with answers.
Вправа 1. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form (Conditional 3).If the government ____________ (give) more money to the factory it _____________ (not close).If the government ___________ (build) flood barriers, we __________ (not have) the floods last year.If Dan ___________ (know) how to swim, he ____________ (not drown).If Molly __________ (listen) to the weather – forecast, she ______________ (know) it was going to rain.If Greg _____________ (tell) me he was ill, I ____________ (be) more sympathetic. .If she __________ (prepare) for the exam, she __________ (pass) it.If Bill _________ (see) the house, he ________ ( not buy) it.These words ___________ (roughly express) bob’s feelings, if he __________ (be) capable of reasoning.But what ___________ (you do), if you ________ (see) what I sawIt ___________ (be) all done though, if Jill __________ (help) at the right time.
Вправа 2. Do you ever think about what would or would not have happened if … ? Make a chain story, using the following.
If I _____________ (not use) so much gas, I _____________ (not have) such a big gas bill.
If I _____________ (must not) pay my gas bill, I _____________ (not go) out in the rain.
If I_____________ (not go) out in the rain, I _____________ (not catch) a cold.
If I _____________ (not catch) a cold, I _____________ (not carry) a handkerchief.
If I_____________ (not carry) a handkerchief, I_____________ (not drop) it.
If I _____________ (not drop) my handkerchief, Juan _____________ (not pick) it up.
If Juan_____________ (not pick) up my handkerchief, we_____________ (never meet).
Moral: Paying bills can be a good thing.
Вправа 3. Correct the third Conditional sentences if you see any mistakes. Some of the sentences are correct.Molly might have thought that Paul was enjoying the weather, if there had been any to enjoy.If Krassotkin had known what an effect his words might have on the child, nothing would have had induced him to play this trick on him.Even if Jack had died, he wouldn’t just the same has escaped from his horrible position.It can all have gone off more harmoniously if Peter had taken the trouble to embellish his story.I wonder what might have happened if a Gatling (скорострільна стрілецька зброя) had been used.But if Molly had stayed in her home, she wouldn’t have any home left to stay in.Bill dreamed of it at the age when everyone would laugh to his face if they could have guessed what was in his head.If the robber had been someone like Molly Smith, she ‘ d simply have put the chain straight in her pocket and get away as fast as she could.If Greg could have moved, Greg would have leapt upon me.If Sally had been with us, the sense of complicity would be cloying.
Вправа 4. Rewrite the letter, using if-clauses (Third conditional).
I’m writing to you feeling completely frustrated. As you know, I have to give a reception every year to entertain my husband’s business associates, so I have to go to a lot of trouble. Well, disaster struck again! In my attempt to appear an original hostess, I ordered some Chinese and Thai food to be served with chopsticks. Needless to say, my guests disapproved. I also booked a Latin band to come and play live, but our middle-aged guests found it hard to dance so energetically. My husband has no sympathy for me and is mad at my choice of entertainment. I must confess I want to get out of organising such social gatherings. It’s a pity you weren’t here; you missed out on a unique opportunity to see my husband dancing.
Вправа 5. Переклад. Translate the sentences using the third conditional.Пітер не зміг би потрапити туди, не зустрінь він хлопчиків.Втім, якщо привид був би просто ілюзією, він повинен був би повністю зникнути, але він не зник.Чоловік напевно б застрелив дружину, якби поліцейський не відштовхнув його руку.Якщо Джека піймали, то, можливо, його взяли в полон.Старий став так гнівається, що, якби Катя сказала б йому, що не збиралася відвідати його, він би неодмінно образився.Якщо б у Порфирія були хороші карти, він би показав їх.Моллі б ніколи не поставила себе в таке положення, якщо б не довіряла Саллі повністю.
Third Conditional exercises. Answers
1 had given / wouldn’t have closed, 2 had built / wouldn’t have had, 3 had known / wouldn’t have drowned, 4 had listened / would have known 5 had told / would have been, 6 had prepared / would have passed, 7 had seen / wouldn’t have bought, 8 would roughly have expressed / had been, 9 would you have done / had seen, 10 would have been / had helped.
Hadn’t used / wouldn’t have had;
Hadn’t had to pay / wouldn’t have gone;
Hadn’t gone / wouldn’t have caught;
Hadn’t caught / wouldn’t have been carrying;
Hadn’t been carrying / wouldn’t have dropped;
Hadn’t dropped / wouldn’t have picked;
Hadn’t picked / would have never met.
Exercise 3.correct;would have had induced -> would have induced;has escaped -> have escaped;can -> could ;correct;wouldn’t have -> wouldn’t have had;would laugh -> would have laughed;get -> would have got / got;correct;would be -> would have been
Exercise 4. Different are possible variants.
Exercise 5.Peter could never have got if there he hadn’t met the boys.But if the ghost had been just an illusion, it should have faded away entirely, but it didn’tThe man would certainly have shot his wife if the police officer had not thrust aside his hand.If Jack had been caught, they might have taken him prisoner.The old man had become so irritable that if Kate had told him that she wasn’t going to visit him, he would certainly have been offended.If Porfiry had really had good cards, he would have shown them.Molly would have never placed herself position in that if she hadn’t completely trusted Sally.
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