Most descriptive adjectives can show degree of quality or quantity by forming two degrees of comparison: the comparative degree and the superlative degree. These degrees are formed from the positive degree, which is the usual form of adjectives. The comparative and superlative forms can be simple (bigger, biggest) or compound (more attentive, most attentive).
The comparative degree and the superlative degree are formed by adding the suffixes ER and EST to the positive form of the adjective or by using MORE and MOST before the positive form of the adjective. The choice of ER, EST or MORE, MOST depends on the mostly number of syllables in the adjective.
Descriptive — описовий
quality — якість
quantity — кількість
compound — складний, складовою
syllable – склад
Small – smaller – the smallest
Beautiful – more beautiful – the most beautiful
Small; young; thin; tall; fine; straight; few; easy; busy; thick; dirty; good; much; new; bad; little; many; modern; reasonable; many; more; dearer; best; most important; good; worse, high; cheapest; light; less; more polite; higher; dear; most modern; bad; cheap; more important; little; better; important; highest; dearest; polite; worst; lighter; most polite; more modern; most reasonable; cheaper; most reasonable; most; least; lightest.
Example: Which is longer: a mile or a kilometer? A mile is. A mile is longer than a kilometer.
Which is longer: an hour or a minute?
Which is higher: a mountain or a hill?
Which is bigger: a ship or a car?
Which is longer: a sea or a river?
Which is more difficult to go on foot or to go by train?
Which is more convenient to ride a horse or to go by car?
February is (cold) than January.
John Anders is (old) than me.
Lake Baikal is (deep) than this lake.
Peter is (tall) than Mike.
Our flat is (more/less) comfortable than yours.
This dictation is (more/less) difficult than yesterday’s one.
This bird is (more/less) beautiful than ours.
Alex’s wrist-watch is (more/less) expensive than mine.