Список фразовых дієслів

Фразові дієслова — це поєднання дієслово + прийменник, дієслово + прислівник або дієслово + частинка. У такому поєднанні дієслово набуває новий сенс, який не завжди очевидна при перекладі кожного із становить даного поєднання. Наприклад,

Run (втікати) + out of (з/зсередини) = run out of (повністю витратити, витратити щось)

Фразові дієслова – невід’ємна частина англійської мови, особливо в розмовній мові. Якщо ви хочете знати англійську мову добре і звучати автентично, вам необхідно знати і вживати англійські фразові дієслова.

Перед вами список найбільш часто вживаних фразовых дієслів англійської мови з перекладом та прикладами. Список оформлений у вигляді таблиці, яку зручно використовувати.

                

Фразові дієслова: таблиця з перекладом і прикладами.

ФРАЗОВИЙ ДІЄСЛОВО

ПЕРЕКЛАД

ПРИКЛАД

ASK OUT

Запросити на побачення

Martin asked Carol out to dinner on Sunday.

BACK SOMEONE UP

Підтримати

When I decided to set up my own business, Sharon backed me up.

BE ABOUT TO

Збиратися статися, ось-ось починатися

When we arrived, the film was about to start.

BE OVER

Закінчитися

When the show was over, everybody started clapping.

BREAK DOWN

Зламатися (про машини/ механізми)

My car broke down in the middle of the road.

BREAK DOWN

Розплакатися (часто прилюдно)

Emily broke down when she heard about the accident.

BREAK IN

Увірватися, вломитися

Someone broke in last night and stole €6000 from the safe.

BREAK INTO SOMETHING

Увірватися, вломитися

Two houses in my street were broken into last night

BREAK OUT

Вибухнути, початися (часто про погане, страшну, несподівану подію)

The fire must have broken out during the night. The war broke out after Christmas.

BREAK UP

Закінчити відносини, порвати з ким-небудь

Pam and Tom broke up last month.

BRING SOMEONE UP

Виховувати дитину

Paul was brought up by his grandparents.

BRING UP

Нудити

He drank so much at the party that he brought up when he arrived home.

BUMP INTO

Зустріти несподівано

I натрапив into your sister near the post office.

CALL BACK SOMEONE

Передзвонити

Ill call you back as soon as know what time is the concert.

CALL SOMETHING OFF

Скасувати

The concert open air was called off because of the heavy rain.

CALL ON SOMEONE

Відвідати когось, забігти до когось

We can call on your cousin on our way back home.

CALM DOWN

Заспокоїтися

Calm down and tell us whats going on!

CATCH UP (WITH)

Наздогнати за рівнем

He had an operation and couldnt go to school but he soon caught up with his classmates.

CHECK IN

Зареєструватися

You must check in at least an hour before your flight. We checked in at the hotel at 6:00.

CHECK OUT

Виїхати з готелю

Jane had to check out before 12:00.

CHEER UP

Підбадьоритися

She cheered up when she heard the good news.

CHEER SOMEONE UP

Підбадьорити

I bought some chocolates to try to cheer her up but she was sad.

CHOP UP

Покришити, порізати на дрібні шматочки

Finely chop up the cabbage and cook it in boiling salted water.

COME ACROSS SOMETHING/SOMEBODY

Зустріти / знайти випадково

I came across some old photos when I was cleaning the attic. I came across Peter in the street.

COME BACK

Повернутися

He came back from school earlier than usual.

COME IN /INTO

Зайти

Come in! She came into the room without anybody noticing.

COME FROM SOMEWHERE

Бути родом, відбуватися з

Peter comes from Scotland. This word comes from an African language.

COUNT ON SOMEONE /SOMETHING

Розраховувати на

The whole team was counting on me and I let them down.

CROSS SOMETHING OUT

Закреслити

Just cross out his old address.

CUT DOWN ON

Скоротити кількість

My blood pressure is high. I’m trying to cut down on salt.

DO AWAY WITH

Позбутися

I have to do away with these old tools.

DO SOMETHING UP

Застебнути / зав’язати

Do up your shoelaces or youll fall down. Do up your zip! Do up your coat!

DO WITHOUT

Обходитися без чого-небудь

Theres no milk, so youll have to do without it. I can’t do without a cup of coffee in the morning.

DRESS UP

Причепуритися, надіти костюм кого-небудь

Its a fancy house, so we have to dress up. He dressed up as a policeman.

DROP SOMEONE OR SOMETHING OFF

Підвезти

I have to drop Peter off at school at 9:00. Im driving into town, shall I you drop somewhere?

EAT OUT

Їсти поза домом

I dont spend much on eating out, I prefer to eat at home.

END UP DOING SOMETHING

Закінчити у підсумку, вирішити в результаті

I thought the weekend would be lovely but I ended up spending the night at the airport. We wanted to play tennis but we ended up, граючи video games at home.

FALL OUT WITH SOMEBODY

Посваритися

Ive fallen out with my parents.

FIGURE SOMETHING OUT

Вирішити, знайти відповідь, продумати

We have to figure out the connection between the two events.

FILL SOMETHING IN

Заповнити документ / форму

Please fill in your name and address in the space provided. I had to fill in a form to become a member of the club.

FILL SOMETHING UP

Заповнити вщерть

Fill it up with unleaded petrol, please!

FIND (SOMETHING ) OUT

З’ясувати

She may never find out the truth about what happened.

GET SOMETHING ACROSS

Зрозуміти, прийти до розуміння

Eventually, I got the message across. I was trying to get across how much I admire them.

GET ALONG/ON WELL

Добре ладити

I get along /on well with most of my colleagues.

GET AWAY WITH (DOING) SOMETHING

Піти від покарання, залишитися безкарним, зійти з рук

How can he get away with being so rude to his teacher? He broke the neighbor’s window but he got away with it.

GET OVER SOMETHING

Оговтатися від хвороби, неприємностей

He has just got over the flu but hes still a bit weak.

GET TOGETHER

Зустрітися

The whole family usually gets together at Christmas.

GET UP

Встати з ліжка встати

I usually get up at 9:00. I had to get up to leave my seat to a pregnant woman.

GIVE BACK SOMETHING

Віддати назад, повернути (часто вкрадене)

The company had to give back all the money the customers had paid.

GIVE IN

Змиритися, погодитися, здатися

The Government said they will never give in to terrorist threats. He didn’t див. want to come with me but in the end he gave in.

GIVE UP

Відмовитися від шкідливої звички

He decided to give up smoking.

GIVE UP

Перестати робити, припинити

The exercise was too difficult and I gave up.

GO AHEAD

Почати, продовжити щось робити

Go ahead or your food will get cold.

GO BACK

Повернутися

He went back to Mexico after Pauls wedding.

GO ON

Продовжувати

He went on complaining.

GO OUT WITH SOMEONE

Зустрічатися з ким-небудь

Kate used to go out with Steve.

GO OUT

Проводити час поза домом

I havent gone out with my friends for over 2 months.

GROWP UP

Дорослішати

When he grows up, he wants to travel abroad.

HAND IN

Вручити, здати

All essays must be handed in by Tuesday. Please, hand in your keys when you check out!

HANG ON (INFORMAL)

Почекати

Hang on! I have to lock the door.

HANG UP

Повісити трубку

Get lost! She shouted and hung up.

HAVE SOMETHING TO DO WITH

Мати відношення до чого-небудь, бути пов’язаними з чим-небудь, мати щось спільне

He has nothing to do with me. Does his attitude have anything to do with my wedding?

KEEP ON DOING SOMETHING

Продовжувати робити

My mother kept on asking questions about me the trip.

LET SOMEONE DOWN

Підвести

He let me down when I needed him most.

LOOK AFTER

Дбати

Its hard work looking after three children all day.

LOOK DOWN ON SOMEONE

Дивитися зверхньо, зневажати

She looks down on anyone who hasn’t had a university education.

LOOK FOR SOMEONE /SOMETHING

Шукати

Im looking for Sam. Have you seen him? Неѕ been looking for his glasses for hours.

LOOK FORWARD TO SOMETHING/DOING SOMETHING

Чекати з нетерпінням

My father is looking forward to his retirement. He is looking forward to going to Italy.

LOOK INTO SOMETHING

Намагатися розібратися в чому-небудь

I wrote a letter of complaint and the airline has promised to look into the matter. The police are looking into the murder.

LOOK OUT!

Обережно!

Look out! Theres a car coming!

LOOK SOMETHING UP

 

 

 

Шукати інформацію

I didn’t див. know the meaning of the word and I it looked up in the dictionary. We can look up the address of the restaurant on the Internet.

LOOK UP TO SOMEONE

 

Захоплюватися, поважати

He looks up to his grandfather.

MAKE SOMETHING UP

Скласти, придумати

She made up a believable story about why we were late.

MAKE UP

Помиритися

We were cross yesterday but we made up after work.

MAKE UP

Нанести косметику

My sister made me up for my wedding.

MIX SOMETHING UP

Переплутати

I always mix up dates.

PASS AWAY

Померти

Her grandmother passed away last month.

PASS OUT

Впасти в обморок

It was so hot in the office that Susan passed out.

PAY BACK SOMETHING

Відплатити, повернути гроші

I borrowed $200 from him but I have already paid him back.

PICK UP

Завчити, вивчити по ходу справи

He picked up a few German phrases while staying in Berlin.

PUT SOMETHING OFF

Відкласти

The concert open air had to be put off because of the rain.

PUT ON

Надіти

She put on her coat and went out. Dont forget to put on your watch.

PUT SOMETHING OUT

Впоратися, видалити

The firemen put out the fire in an hour.

PUT UP

Прихистити

Could you put me up for the night when I come to town?

PUT UP WITH SOMETHING /SOMEONE

Змиритися з чим-небудь.

I will not put up with your bad behavior any longer. I can’t put up with Peter.

RUN INTO SOMEONE

Випадково зустріти

I ran into Alice at the shopping center.

RUN OVER SOMEONE/SOMETHING

Переїхати, наїхати

My cousin was run over by a car outside her house.

RUN AWAY

Втекти, зникнути

The teenager ran away from home because he didn’t get on well with his stepfather.

RUN OUT OF

Закінчиться

I ran out of sugar and I couldnt make the cake

SET OFF

Відправиться в подорож / мандрівку

They set off at midday.

SET SOMETHING UP

Почати якусь справу, запланувати подія

He set up a business but he went bankrupt. Ill set up a meeting for Thursday.

SHOW OFF

Хвалитися, красуватися

He is always showing off in his BMW.

STICK TO SOMETHING

Продовжувати робити щось

I think we should stick to our original plans.

SWITCH SOMETHING OFF

Вимкнути, переключитися на інше

When I left the room, I switched off the light. When he speaks about football, she switches off and ignores him.

SWITCH ON

включити

He never switches on the heating because its very expensive.

SLOW DOWN

Знизити швидкість, інтенсивність

You have to slow down when you get to the roundabout.

SPEED UP

Прискоритися

Youll have to speed up if you want to get home on time.

SPLIT UP ( WITH)

Розірвати відносини

They split up after the summer.

TAKE AFTER SOMEONE

Бути схожим на

Lucy takes after her mother.

TAKE CARE

Стережися, бережи себе

Take care that you dont fall on those steps! Bye now! Take care!

TAKE SOMETHING OFF

Зняти одяг

He took off his sweater because it was boiling hot in the pub.

TAKE ON

Взяти на роботу

We are not taking on any new staff at the moment.

TAKE UP

Почати чимось займатися

As I had a lot of free time, I decided to take up tennis.

TELL OFF

Критикувати, сварити

The teacher told me off for being late again.

TURN SOMETHING DOWN

Знизити, зменшити, відхилити

Will you please turn down the music a bit! How can you turn down such a fantastic job?

TURN OFF /ON

= switch on / off

 

TURN SOMETHING UP

Збільшити

Please, turn up the volume. I can’t hear the song!

TURN UP

Приходити, з’являтися

I waited for him but he didn’t див. turn up.

TRY SOMETHING ON

Приміряти

He tried on three sweaters at the shop.

USE UP

Використовувати повністю

They used up the shampoo and I had to wash my hair with soap.

WARM UP

Розігрівати

I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go jogging

WATCH OUT

Обережно!

Watch out! Youre going to stumble and fall!

Сподіваюся, цей список фразовых дієслів з прикладами і перекладом був вам корисний. На сайті ви також можете знайти наступні матеріали з фразовою дієслів:

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  • Фразові дієслова з to get: приклади речень і вправи з відповідями
  • Ask як фразової дієслова. Фразовий дієслово ask

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