Вправи or Infinitive gerund допоможуть Вам закріпити знання по темі і більше не помилятися у випадках, коли потрібно використовувати to-infinitive, bare infinitive (без частки to) або ing-form (инговую форму дієслова). Вправи на герундій і інфінітив пропонуються з відповідями для самоперевірки. Сподіваюся, Вам сподобається. Якщо у Вас виникнуть питання – не соромтеся і задавайте їх у коментарях. Я відповім на всі питання, як тільки з’явлюся на сайті :).
До речі, якщо Ви не впевнені, що правильно додати закінчення –ing до дієслова – прочитайте статтю Ing-form. Participle I: як правильно утворити?
Or Infinitive gerund exercises.
Вправа 1. Complete the sentences with the expression get a good job. Use the Infinitive or the -ing-form of the verb get.
I want _________________________.I suggest _________________________.I decided _________________________.I recommend _________________________.I hope _________________________.I feel like _________________________.I managed _________________________.I am trying _________________________.I would appreciate _________________________.I will not refuse _________________________.I agree _________________________.I have denied _________________________.
Вправа 2. Tick the correct item.
1 Greg enjoys … in the rain.
? walk ? walking ? to walk
I’d like … Molly an e-mail now.
? send ?sending ? to sendWhat does Steve want …?
? do ? doing ? to doThe cold coach watched his team … football.
? play ? playing ? to playI prefer … detective stories.
? read ? reading ? to readWould you like something …?
? drink ? drinking ? to drink
Вправа 3. Use or Infinitive -ing-form.It was quite late when they saw Martin … (come) up the other side of the street. They saw him … (pause) in front of his house, … (look) up at it and … (knock) at the door.My parents let me (stay) at molly’s house last weekend. They agreed … (take) me to his place in the car and they made me (promise) to behave myself.Mel hates (answer) the phone. And very often Mel just lets it … (ring).At first Jenny enjoyed … (listen) to Steven but after a while she got tired of … (hear) the same story.Polly can’t (go) to the cinema today. She’s busy … (study) for her exam, which is next week, but she ‘ s decided … (take) a break and … (phone) Megan.I tried … (listen) carefully and in order (not/show) how I was embarrassed, I did my best … (keep) the conversation … (go) on one topic and another.
Вправа 4. Прочитайте речення. Виберіть один із запропонованих варіантів відповіді.
Peace activist Baroness Bertha von Suttner encouraged Alfred Nobel … a prize for peace. (establish / to establish / establishing / to be established)The police officer made Neil get out of the car and demanded … his driver’s licence.(see / seeing / to see / to be seen)In the time of Peter the Great the noblemen were not allowed … beards. (have / to have / having / having had)They wouldn’t let … the country without the entry visa, they would? (him to enter / he enters / him enter / him entering)Fred couldn’t make … that he had caught the huge fish himself. (I believed/ me believe / me believed / me to believe)Nick was very close to the phone-box and Mary noticed him … the number, and then she heard him … something to passer-by. (to dial, to say / dialing, to say / to dial, say / dial, say)Nick was seen … the hall and then Jane watched him … (enter, go away / be entered, to go away / enter, go away / to have entered, to be gone away)It’s too late now, but I will always regret … John to do the work. (to ask / asking / ask / to be asked)My friend Moira stopped … whole milk because she is on a diet. (to buy / buying / buy / to be bought)They were allowed… discussing the plans, their so partner introduced himself and went on to talk about the project. (to continue / continuing / continue / to be continued)
Вправа 5 Put one of the given verbs in the correct form – or infinitive gerund:
to see, to lock, to explain, to go, to show, to play, to listen, to do, to write, to earn, to discuss, to drive, to look, to speak, to understand, to do, to stay, to work, to spendI wish … the manager.— It’s no use … to him.Don’t forget … the door before … to bed.My mother told me not … to anyone about it.He tried … but she didn’t want …Would you mind … me how the lift works?I’m beginning … what you mean.The boys like … tennis but not … this in bad weather.Try … this correctly.He likes … in his cabinet.I prefer … my car myself.I advice you … at my place and … for a new flat.Let’s … this tomorrow, i’m tired now.Most people prefer … money. Some don’t want … them.
Переходимо до відповідей на вправи по герундию і инфинитиву.
To get a good job– 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11
Getting a good job– 2, 4, 6, 9, 12
1 walking; 2 to send, 3 to do; 4 playing; 5 reading; 6 to drink
Exercise 3.come, pause, look, knock 2. stay, to take, promise 3. answering, ring 4. listening, hearing 5, go, studying, to take, to phone 6 to listen, not to show, to keep, going.
1 to establish, 2 to see, 3 to have, 4 him enter, 5 me believe, 6 dial, say, 7 enter, 8 go away, 9 asking, 10 to continue
1 to see / writing , 2 to lock / going, 3 to speak / to listen, 4 to explain / to listen, 5 showing, 6 to understand, 7 to play (playing) / to do 8 to do, 9 to work або working , 10 to drive або driving 11 to stay / to look 12 discuss 13 to earn (earning) / to spend або to spend (spending) / to earn.
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